The find was not investigated until four years after Mc Junkin's death, but the discovery would turn the world of archaeology on its head by pushing the presence of man in North America back by at least 5,000 years to 12,000 years before present day.
Amongst the approximately thirty-two Bison antiquus skeletons .
After the disastrous flood of 1908, a black cowboy named George Mc Junkin discovered a cache of fossilized Bison bones protruding from a freshly cut arroyo.
Being a self-educated man of science, George realized that these bones were not those of modern Bison, but were at least fifty percent larger.
Clovis people were primarily, but not entirely mammoth hunters, an economy that was much more wide-spread than Folsom, and scholars argue that when the mammoth died off at the beginning of the Younger Dryas period, people in the southern Plains developed a new technology to exploit buffalo: Folsom.
A different technology was required because buffalo (or more properly, bison ( In general terms (Buchanan et al.
The Folsom area is home to one of the most important archaeological sites in North America.
It is the type site for the Folsom tradition, a Paleo-Indian cultural sequence dating to between 9000 BC and 8000 BC.
For several years he tried to interest field archaeologists to visit the site, with little success.
In 1918 he and Ivan Shoemaker, the teenage son of the Crowfoot Ranch's owner, dug bones and a fluted lance point out of the arroyo bank, and sent them to the Denver Museum of Natural History.
Folsom sites are differentiated from other Paleoindian hunter-gatherer groups such as Clovis by a specific and distinctive stone tool-making technology.
Folsom technology refers to projectile points made with a channel flake down the center on one or both sides, and the lack of a robust blade technology.